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EndNotes

More importantly, no one other than God could read or write so the rest was a no-brainer.

 

Oddly, Mr. Noah had collected one of every animal in the world, luckily for civilization, his wife, Mrs. Noah was also an animal lover and she had also done the same thing. However, in somewhat of a miracle, when the Noah family got all the animals on board they found that there was on of each sex, with the exception of the jackass. The rest is history.

 

"During the 1800s, the US government was forcibly relocating Indian tribes from all over the country into the area known as Oklahoma Territory. There was one parcel of land that was never given over to any Indian tribe - the Unassigned Lands. In the 1880s, many frontier Americans wanted to move into this land. Soon, landless pioneers began slipping over into this area without authorization. These were the "Boomers," who were trying to force the government into opening the territory up to homesteaders. On March 2, 1889, President Benjamin Harrison signed legislation that opened up the Unassigned Lands. So, on April 22, 1889, about 50,000 homesteaders gathered at the boundaries. Some people snuck over at night to stake out prime land early, hiding from the army patrols. These were known as "Sooners." At noon, the cannon roared, and the hordes of people streamed over the line on wagons and buckboards, horseback, on foot and even on bicycles. Soon, nearly 10,000 people had staked out claims near the Oklahoma Station - what today is Oklahoma City. Claim jumping was common, as were boundary quarrels that led to fights and considerable bloodshed. Tents were thrown up in haphazard fashion, and mass confusion reigned supreme." Thanks to Oklahoma City Web Site.

 

 

Demands by Cuban patriots for independence from Spain were supported by large numbers of Americans. Pro-rebel sentiment was inflamed by the biased reporting of the U.S. yellow press, heavy losses of American investment caused by guerrilla warfare and an appreciation of Cuba’s strategic importance to a projected Central American canal. The publication of a Spanish letter disparaging President McKinley, and the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana harbor, intensified U.S. feeling against Spain. The U.S. demanded Spanish withdrawal from Cuba. On April 24, Spain declared war on the U.S. On May 1, a naval squadron under George Dewey thoroughly defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila harbor, in the Philippines. On May 28, the U.S. established a blockade of Santiago de Cuba; when the Spanish fleet attempted to escape, (June 1), it was destroyed. Meanwhile, U.S. troops, including the famed Rough Riders, engaged in some heavy fighting (July 1), at El Canay and San Juan Hill. On July 17, Santiago was captured, effectively ending the war. An armistice was signed August 12 and peace was arranged by the Treaty of Paris (December 10). The Spanish empire was practically dissolved; Cuba was freed, but under U.S., tutelage; Puerto Rico and Guam were ceded to the U.S. and the Philippines were surrendered to the U.S. for $20 million. The U.S. emerged from the war with new international power." The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Third Edition.

 

 

During and after the war, many in the United States placed the majority of the blame for the Mexican-American War squarely on the shoulders of Mexico. There may be a grain of truth in this ultra-patriotic view (Combs 99). President Polk sent troops under General Zachary Taylor to the region between the Rio Grande and Nueces Rivers. Texas believed that its southern boundary was represented by the Rio Grande River. The Mexicans, however, did not acknowledge this boundary and instead believed that it was the Nueces River. Therefore, the Americans believed they were on Texan (soon to be American) soil, while the Mexicans believed that the Americans were on Mexican soil (Lavender 130). When Mexican forces attacked the Americans in this region, Polk believed that Mexico "invaded our territory, and shed American blood upon the American soil" (Richardson 442). With this information in hand, Polk proceeded to ask the Congress for a declaration of war, which he received easily. However, according to Polk's diary and other sources, he planned to ask Congress for a declaration before word of the Mexican "attack" ever reached Washington (Quaife 386). Refuting this "Mexico's Fault" theory even more is the fact that the government of Mexico at this time was in a period of chaos (Garraty and Gay 811). Still, the attack proved an effective scapegoat for not only Polk, but many other pro-war politicians." John Heys, AP U.S. History (1995).

 

At Runneymede, England, on June 15, 1215, King John of England signed the Magna Carta in which he conceded a number of legal rights to his barons and to the people. In order to finance his foreign wars, King John had taxed abusively. His Barons threatened rebellion and coerced the King into committing to rudimentary judicial guarantees such as the freedom of the church, fair taxation, controls over imprisonment (habeas corpus) and the right to all merchants to come and go, freely, except in time of war. The Magna Carta had 61 clauses, the most important of which may have been #39: "No freeman shall be captured or imprisoned ... except by lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land". It was the first time a king allowed that even he could be compelled to observe a law or the barons were allowed to "distrain and distress him in every possible way", just short of a legal right to rebellion. Once sworn to the document, letters were sent to all sheriffs ordering them to read the Charter aloud in public. It has been called the "blueprint of English common law" and was even recently pleaded in an English case. The Law Museum Archives.

 

A goal is scored by a player using a large stick. He uses this lethal weapon to propel a frozen rubber object (a puck) at the head of a person called a goalie. Should the rubber object miss the goalie and land in the net, the goalie is disgraced. If he is hit square in the face with the puck, he is usually pronounced dead on the spot. Thus, the goalie is like damned if does and damned if he does not, a unique aspect of this fascinating game.

 

Making City Water Tunnel #3, by Marty Pottenger, High Performance #75, Spring 1997.

 

Tribune, Tunnel No 3 in New York City.

 

Boeing’s 1,200-member maintenance team works closely with manufacturing to keep the world’s largest building operating smoothly. Plant Maintenance on a grand scale, Neal Lorenzi, Technical Editor, 8/1/00.

 

Ian, Perth Western Australia, 8/15/00.

 

Steven Burda, Philadelphia, Pa 5/23/00.

 

Germany, France, Spain and Great Britain.

 

Emirates Airlines announced that they would be the first purchaser of the A3XXX, as the new plane is called, on April 25, 2000, "Virgin Atlantic agreed to buy six of the planes, adding to orders by Air France, Singapore Airlines, International Lease Finance and Qantas. " New York Times, John Tagliabue, Airbus clears plans to build Long-Rang Jumbo Jet. 12/20/2000.

 

AirBulletin, Volume 1, Number 6.

 

Airbus Clears Plans to Build Long-Rang Jumbo Jet, John Tagilabue, The New York Times, 12/20/2000.

 

Lockheed, which also did great research, has a facility known as the Skunk Works.

 

CNN Interactive, August 18,1997.

 

Estimates actually range as high as 3 million, no one is really sure. But out of a country with a population of only about 14 million to start with, this was one of the great acts of genocide in all of recorded history.

 

Cambodia is ranked as one of the World’s 20 poorest countries.

 

Eventually he returned and was placed in virtual house arrest.

 

New York Times International, Friday, April 17, 1998.

 

The US State Department estimates of the dead range from 1 to 3 million, out of a 1975 population estimated at 7.3 million.

 

Cambodia, Vietnamese Invasion of Cambodia, Department of State, U.S. Government

 

Cambodia, Vietnamese Invasion of Cambodia, Department of State, U.S. Government.

 

Also known as Brother Number 3.

 

Cambodia, Country reawakens to tourism after four brutal decades, Lynn Frieda, Denver Post, 12/24/2000.

 

Nate Thayer, a correspondent of the Far Eastern Economic Review.

 

The Lottery is THE event in Thailand and the entire populous looks forward to the bi-monthly drawings. To show the fervor that it creates, Reuters ran the following story, "A Buddhist monk in eastern Thailand stole the unhatched eggs of two snakes, claiming he could determine the winning lottery number from them, but police made him take them back, police said on Sunday. News that two boa constrictors were hatching their eggs on a hill in Wangnbamyen district of Sakhaew province last week drew hundreds of people, may of who believed they could divine the winning digits of the next lottery from the eggs. Police said." Reuters. 4/26/98.

 

The Simmering Skin On Cambodia’s Troubles, Peter Eng, The Boston Globe 2/11/2001

 

Cambodia Walks Tightrope On Trial of ‘Brother No. 3", Bill Myers, Chicago Tribune, 2/5/2001

 

Cambodia Walks Tightrope On Trial of ‘Brother No. 3", Bill Myers, Chicago Tribune, 2/5/2001

 

The Darkness of Cambodia, A Jungle Show Trial Ends the Bloody Reign of Pol Pot, But his Ugly Legacy of Violence Will Not Go Away, Terry McCarthy, Time Magazine, 8/11/1997.

 

No one has been able to find the law that covers this action, but in Cambodia, this is not a requirement.

 

Cambodian Daily, background of story, Cambodian Military Shuts Popular Land-Mine Museum, Reuters, March 6, 2001.

 

Cambodia, Country reawakens to tourism after four brutal decades, Lynn Frieda, Denver Post, 12/24/200

 

"An investigation coordinated by the US-based Human Rights Watch found that the police, military, and other authorities killed at least 263 people in 1997-98. In none of the cases was anyone brought to justice. In half the cases, the authorities took no action at all." The Simmering Skin On Cambodia’s Troubles, Peter Eng, The Boston Globe 2/11/2001

 

Khmer Rouge Legacy: A Partial Judiciary; System’s Corruption Fuels Doubt About Proposed Tribunal, Rajiv Chandrasekaran, The Washington Post, 1/14/2001

 

Wrath of the Monsoons / Relentless rains have devastated Cambodia and the Mekong Delta, with 480,000 square miles of land under water. Susan Postlewaite, The San Francisco Chronicle, 10/31/2000.

 

"One-third of all sex workers in the country are estimated to be children, mostly ages 12 to 17, but some even younger." Commentary, The Dark Side of Tourism Preys on the Children of Cambodia, Laurence Gray, Los Angeles Times, 12/12/2000.

 

Commentary, The Dark Side of Tourism Preys on the Children of Cambodia, Laurence Gray, Los Angeles Times, 12/12/2000

 

Saving the children: Cambodia, The Economist, 10/07/2000.

 

"In the last three decades, thieves have made off with the head of every free-standing Buddha in the area, along with whole sections of carved walls and hands, feet and faces from other carvings. (Most of the Buddha figures in the temples today are replicas-the real ones that haven’t been sold off are in museums in Phnom Penh and other parts of the world.). Angkor Wat Where Stone Smiles; For a thousand year the Cambodian Jungle Grew Like A Green Veil Over The Ruins of an Incredible Empire, Worn By Time, Torn by War, The Temples Of Angkor Wat Retain Their Power to Transfix. Chris Welsch; Star-Tribune Newspaper of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis – St Paul, 12/31/2000.

 

However, if you were visiting Angkor Wat and had a Cambodian Guide, he would probably tell you that Angkor meant great, therefore, the full meaning would simply be great temple.

 

 

 

Angkor Wat Where Stone Smiles; For a thousand year the Cambodian Jungle Grew Like A Green Veil Over The Ruins of an Incredible Empire, Worn By Time, Torn by War, The Temples Of Angkor Wat Retain Their Power to Transfix. Chris Welsch; Star-Tribune Newspaper of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis – St Paul, 12/31/2000.

 

Splendors of Ancient Egypt, William H. Peck, curator of ancient art at the Detroit Institute of Arts.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Historical Setting, 1991.

 

Africa’s largest city.

 

Archeology: The Secrets of Snerfu, Lara Marlowe/Dahshur, Time 7/22/1996.

 

Cairo soon became the most populated city in Africa.

 

Arab Culture History, History Almanac, About.com Patrick Lyons.

 

A group of Egyptian Army officers who had served in Palestine during the fist Arab Israeli War.

 

Ibid.

Because of an element of surprise, the initial attack was conducted during the Jewish Holiday of Yum Kippur and the Muslim Holiday of Ramadan.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Major Cities, 1990.

 

Cracks in Egypt’s Electoral Engineering, the 2000 Vote, Vickie Langohr, MERIP, Press Information Notes, 11/7/2000.

 

Egypt Tackles Corruption By Convicting 31 of Fraud, Howard Schneider, The Washington Post, 6/27/2000.

 

Rights Groups Fear Implication in Egypt’s Trial of a Sociologist, Neil MacFarquhar, The New York Times, February 18, 2001.

 

This is currently the more accepted theory.

 

Probing the Chambers of Cheops Space-age technology reveals a 4,600-year old wooden boat. David S. Jackson, Cairo, Time, 11/2/1987.

 

Some experts today believe that there were not that many people involved in the building of the pyramids and that, because it was in reality of labor of love, they were not slaves. There are certainly two opposing schools of thought on this subject.

 

Not Quite Architecture: The point that the pharaohs made, Independent, 8/10/1994.

 

Unbelievably, many say that the Cheops Pyramid gives a more exact position of true north than does the building housing the Greenwich Observatory in England.

 

Discovery of royal city fuels high hopes in Alexandria, Colleen O’Connor, Dallas morning News, 3/17/1997.

 

Travel: Rebirth of an ancient city. Once home to one of the seven wonders of the world, Alexandria has fallen from grace. However, plans to uncover its past may change all that. Jo Knowsley, The Sunday Telegraph 11/7/99.

 

Pierre Cardin to unveil fluorescent obelisk for Alexandria, Marily August, Associated Press 9/9/98.

 

Ibid.

 

Thanks to the largesse of the Discovery Channel, one of his sponsors.

 

Cleopatra was 17 years old when her father died in 69BC. She committed suicide in 30 BC and was the last of the Pharaohs. The country then came Roman rule.

 

Jean-Yves Empereur, a world class archeologist that has been responsible for finding and identifying much of the ruins of ancient Alexandria both on land and in the water.

 

"Japan’s government debt as a percentage of national economic output is now the world’s largest, surpassing that of Italy." Bill Spindle The Wall Street Journal, December 11, 2000.

 

An interesting aside is the fact that while the United States has seen it ratio of debt to GDP decline every year for seven years, the exact opposite has happened in Japan.

 

Keiretsu: system in which individual Japanese companies are linked together through interlocking share holdings. They favor each other in business dealing. In South Korea, the same relationship would be called chaebol.

Although it is not well known, this happened in the United States for a short period during the thirties when people were becoming so concerned about banks going out of business that they wanted to own government securities under any conditions. During that period, the United States Government had what could be called a reverse interest rate on their bonds.

 

Reuters, 2/4/99.

 

If Japan spends so much money defending collapsing domestic industries that the central government and large corporations are forced to liquidate international holdings to shore up their balance sheets, the price of U.S. Government Securities could collapse under the pressure of these unrelenting sales. We will at that time , truly have a global catastrophe. However, the American economy has burgeoned substantially and the Treasury is no longer running a deficit, thus, this may longer be the worst thing that could happen.

 

Japan continues to cut back on the massive public works projects, which these companies had become so dependent. That was brought to an abrupt halt when the Japanese Government was strongly advised by International Agencies that spending themselves into the black was the way to go, and once again, public works projects became the order of the day. Whatever theory is right or wrong does not matter, for the way the Japanese grant projects and monitor them only tends to allow political friends to pocket endless amounts of money and does little for the economy itself.

 

The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

" Japan’s economic growth has averaged only a little better than 1.5% in the past decade, with several periods of prolonged contraction." The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

Ibid.

 

They have continued dropping and are almost non-existent as of 3/30/99.

 

November 17, 1997.

 

In a World Bank Statement on 6/23/98 they stated, "While the bank’s commitment to sound resettlement is evident…problems were found with the appropriateness of the bank’s intervention and with effective follow-through."

 

Prices beyond conceivability were paid for paintings by old masters by the Japanese. Many of these works have found their way back into the market after the Japanese purchases went bankrupt or couldn’t pay for what they had bought to begin with.

 

Japanese Theme Parks Facing Rough Times, Miki Tanikawa, The New York Times, March 2, 2001

 

The Wall Street Journal, Michael Williams, Phred Dvorak and Gregory Zuckerman, S&P Lowers Japan’s Domestic and Foreign Credit Rating, February 23, 2001.

 

Ibid

 

Other countries that are using this technique are Turkey, Brazil, Argentina Uruguay and such companies as Fiat SpA, IBM. DaimlerChrysler AG

 

Japanese Economic Woes Benefit Global Investors in Samurai Bonds, Jason Singer, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2001

 

More Sunshine for Japan’s Overworked Students, Howard W. French, The New York Times International, February 25, 2001

 

Thirty-five years, when you consider that the original blueprints for the tunnel were produced in 1954.

 

Switzerland is planning a railroad tunnel that will be dug through a mountain pass that will be longer when completed. This tunnel will be much easier to dig because the boring machine can be utilized.

 

"Travel, Newest Joy for Rail Buffs: World’ Deepest Station Never mind that it’s in the middle of nowhere on Japan’s Hokkaido Island. Bill and Bonnie Sexton, Newsday, 3/13/1988.

 

The Seikan Tunnel, Aomori Prefect.

 

Time International, Tim Larimer, " Asia, The Sky is Falling Faculty concrete exposes cracks in Japan’s once-vaunted rail system. 1/24/2000.

 

Ibid.

 

Dow Jones Interactive Publication Library, Henry Baumgartner, Hotfoot for the Iron Horse, 6/1/2000.

 

Ibid.

An Angkor Wat Where Stone Smiles; For a thousand year the Cambodian Jungle Grew Like A Green Veil Over The Ruins of an Incredible Empire, Worn By Time, Torn by War, The Temples Of Angkor Wat Retain Their Power to Transfix. Chris Welsch; Star-Tribune Newspaper of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis – St Paul, 12/31/2000.

Angkor meant great, therefore, the full meaning would simply be great temple.

 

Cambodia, Country reawakens to tourism after four brutal decades, Lynn Frieda, Denver Post 12/24/2000.

 

Credit is normally given to Henri Mouhot, the French naturalist for the discovery.

 

Angkor Wat Where Stone Smiles; For a thousand year the Cambodian Jungle Grew Like A Green Veil Over The Ruins of an Incredible Empire, Worn By Time, Torn by War, The Temples Of Angkor Wat Retain Their Power to Transfix. Chris Welsch; Star-Tribune Newspaper of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis – St Paul, 12/31/2000.

 

Splendors of Ancient Egypt, William H. Peck, curator of ancient art at the Detroit Institute of Arts.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Historical Setting, 1991.

 

Africa’s largest city.

 

Archeology: The Secrets of Snerfu, Lara Marlowe/Dahshur, Time 7/22/1996.

 

Cairo soon became the most populated city in Africa.

 

Arab Culture History, History Almanac, About.com Patrick Lyons.

 

A group of Egyptian Army officers who had served in Palestine during the fist Arab Israeli War.

 

Ibid.

Because of an element of surprise, the initial attack was conducted during the Jewish Holiday of Yum Kippur and the Muslim Holiday of Ramadan.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Major Cities, 1990.

 

Cracks in Egypt’s Electoral Engineering, The 2000 Vote, Vickie Langohr, MERIP, Press Information Notes, 11/7/2000.

 

Egypt Tackles Corruption By Convicting 31 of Fraud, Howard Schneider, The Washington Post, 6/27/2000.

 

Rights Groups Fear Implication in Egypt’s Trial of a Sociologist, Neil MacFarquhar, The New York Times, February 18, 2001.

 

This is currently the more accepted theory.

 

Probing the Chambers of Cheops Space-age technology reveals a 4,600-year old wooden boat. David S. Jackson, Cairo, Time, 11/2/1987.

 

Some experts today believe that there were not that many people involved in the building of the pyramids and that, because it was in reality of labor of love, they were not slaves. There are certainly two opposing schools of thought on this subject.

 

Not Quite Architecture: The point that the pharaohs made, Independent, 8/10/1994.

 

Unbelievably, many say that the Cheops Pyramid gives a more exact position of true north than does the building housing the Greenwich Observatory in England.

 

Discovery of royal city fuels high hopes in Alexandria, Colleen O’Connor, Dallas morning News, 3/17/1997.

 

Travel: Rebirth of an ancient city. Once home to one of the seven wonders of the world, Alexandria has fallen from grace. However, plans to uncover its past may change all that. Jo Knowsley, The Sunday Telegraph 11/7/99.

 

Pierre Cardin to unveil fluorescent obelisk for Alexandria, Marily August, Associated Press 9/9/98.

 

Ibid.

 

Thanks to the largesse of the Discovery Channel, one of his sponsors.

 

Cleopatra was 17 years old when her father died in 69BC. She committed suicide in 30 BC and was the last of the Pharaohs. The country then came Roman rule.

 

Jean-Yves Empereur, a world class archeologist that has been responsible for finding and identifying much of the ruins of ancient Alexandria both on land and in the water.

 

"Japan’s government debt as a percentage of national economic output is now the world’s largest, surpassing that of Italy." Bill Spindle The Wall Street Journal, December 11, 2000.

 

An interesting aside is the fact that while the United States has seen it ratio of debt to GDP decline every year for seven years, the exact opposite has happened in Japan.

 

Keiretsu: system in which individual Japanese companies are linked together through interlocking share holdings. They favor each other in business dealing. In South Korea, the same relationship would be called chaebol.

Although it is not well known, this happened in the United States for a short period during the thirties when people were becoming so concerned about banks going out of business that they wanted to own government securities under any conditions. During that period, the United States Government had what could be called a reverse interest rate on their bonds.

 

Reuters, 2/4/99.

 

If Japan spends so much money defending collapsing domestic industries that the central government and large corporations are forced to liquidate international holdings to shore up their balance sheets, the price of U.S. Government Securities could collapse under the pressure of these unrelenting sales. We will at that time , truly have a global catastrophe. However, the American economy has burgeoned substantially and the Treasury is no longer running a deficit, thus, this may longer be the worst thing that could happen.

 

Japan continues to cut back on the massive public works projects, which these companies had become so dependent. That was brought to an abrupt halt when the Japanese Government was strongly advised by International Agencies that spending themselves into the black was the way to go, and once again, public works projects became the order of the day. Whatever theory is right or wrong does not matter, for the way the Japanese grant projects and monitor them only tends to allow political friends to pocket endless amounts of money and does little for the economy itself.

 

The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

" Japan’s economic growth has averaged only a little better than 1.5% in the past decade, with several periods of prolonged contraction." The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

Ibid.

 

They have continued dropping and are almost non-existent as of 3/30/99.

 

November 17, 1997.

 

In a World Bank Statement on 6/23/98 they stated, "While the bank’s commitment to sound resettlement is evident…problems were found with the appropriateness of the bank’s intervention and with effective follow-through."

 

Prices beyond conceivability were paid for paintings by old masters by the Japanese. Many of these works have found their way back into the market after the Japanese purchases went bankrupt or couldn’t pay for what they had bought to begin with.

 

Japanese Theme Parks Facing Rough Times, Miki Tanikawa, The New York Times, March 2, 2001

 

The Wall Street Journal, Michael Williams, Phred Dvorak and Gregory Zuckerman, S&P Lowers Japan’s Domestic and Foreign Credit Rating, February 23, 2001.

 

Ibid

 

Other countries that are using this technique are Turkey, Brazil, Argentina Uruguay and such companies as Fiat SpA, IBM. DaimlerChrysler AG

 

Japanese Economic Woes Benefit Global Investors in Samurai Bonds, Jason Singer, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2001

 

More Sunshine for Japan’s Overworked Students, Howard W. French, The New York Times International, February 25, 2001

 

Thirty-five years, when you consider that the original blueprints for the tunnel were produced in 1954.

 

Switzerland is planning a railroad tunnel that will be dug through a mountain pass that will be longer when completed. This tunnel will be much easier to dig because the boring machine can be utilized.

 

"Travel, Newest Joy for Rail Buffs: World’ Deepest Station Never mind that it’s in the middle of nowhere on Japan’s Hokkaido Island. Bill and Bonnie Sexton, Newsday, 3/13/1988.

 

The Seikan Tunnel, Aomori Prefect.

 

Time International, Tim Larimer, " Asia, The Sky is Falling Faculty concrete exposes cracks in Japan’s once-vaunted rail system. 1/24/2000.

 

Ibid.

 

Dow Jones Interactive Publication Library, Henry Baumgartner, Hotfoot for the Iron Horse, 6/1/2000.

 

Ibid.

 

Angkor Wat Where Stone Smiles; For a thousand year the Cambodian Jungle Grew Like A Green Veil Over The Ruins of an Incredible Empire, Worn By Time, Torn by War, The Temples Of Angkor Wat Retain Their Power to Transfix. Chris Welsch; Star-Tribune Newspaper of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis – St Paul, 12/31/2000.

 

Splendors of Ancient Egypt, William H. Peck, curator of ancient art at the Detroit Institute of Arts.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Historical Setting, 1991.

 

Africa’s largest city.

 

Archeology: The Secrets of Snerfu, Lara Marlowe/Dahshur, Time 7/22/1996.

 

Cairo soon became the most populated city in Africa.

"Egypt," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2000. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

Arab Culture History, History Almanac, About.com Patrick Lyons.

 

A group of Egyptian Army officers who had served in Palestine during the fist Arab Israeli War.

 

Ibid.

Because of an element of surprise, the initial attack was conducted during the Jewish Holiday of Yum Kippur and the Muslim Holiday of Ramadan.

 

The Library of Congress, Egypt, Major Cities, 1990.

 

Cracks in Egypt’s Electoral Engineering, The 2000 Vote, Vickie Langohr, MERIP, Press Information Notes, 11/7/2000.

 

Egypt Tackles Corruption By Convicting 31 of Fraud, Howard Schneider, The Washington Post, 6/27/2000.

 

Rights Groups Fear Implication in Egypt’s Trial of a Sociologist, Neil MacFarquhar, The New York Times, February 18, 2001.

 

This is currently the more accepted theory.

 

Probing the Chambers of Cheops Space-age technology reveals a 4,600-year old wooden boat. David S. Jackson, Cairo, Time, 11/2/1987.

 

Some experts today believe that there were not that many people involved in the building of the pyramids and that, because it was in reality of labor of love, they were not slaves. There are certainly two opposing schools of thought on this subject.

 

Not Quite Architecture: The point that the pharaohs made, Independent, 8/10/1994.

 

Unbelievably, many say that the Cheops Pyramid gives a more exact position of true north than does the building housing the Greenwich Observatory in England.

 

Discovery of royal city fuels high hopes in Alexandria, Colleen O’Connor, Dallas morning News, 3/17/1997.

 

Travel: Rebirth of an ancient city. Once home to one of the seven wonders of the world, Alexandria has fallen from grace. However, plans to uncover its past may change all that. Jo Knowsley, The Sunday Telegraph 11/7/99.

 

Pierre Cardin to unveil fluorescent obelisk for Alexandria, Marily August, Associated Press 9/9/98.

 

Ibid.

 

The pyramids survived.

 

Making it the tallest building ever constructed to that point and it remained as such until surpassed by the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

 

Thanks to the largesse of the Discovery Channel, one of his sponsors.

 

Cleopatra was 17 years old when her father died in 69BC. She committed suicide in 30 BC and was the last of the Pharaohs. The country then came Roman rule.

 

Jean-Yves Empereur, a world class archeologist that has been responsible for finding and identifying much of the ruins of ancient Alexandria both on land and in the water.

 

"Japan’s government debt as a percentage of national economic output is now the world’s largest, surpassing that of Italy." Bill Spindle The Wall Street Journal, December 11, 2000.

 

An interesting aside is the fact that while the United States has seen it ratio of debt to GDP decline every year for seven years, the exact opposite has happened in Japan.

 

Ray’s List of Weird and Disgusting Foods.

 

Lewis Tepper, Ray’s List of Weird and Disgusting Foods.

 

Mike Khaw.

 

Keiretsu: system in which individual Japanese companies are linked together through interlocking share holdings. They favor each other in business dealing. In South Korea, the same relationship would be called chaebol.

Although it is not well known, this happened in the United States for a short period during the thirties when people were becoming so concerned about banks going out of business that they wanted to own government securities under any conditions. During that period, the United States Government had what could be called a reverse interest rate on their bonds.

 

Japan’s Corporate Woes Compound Bank Troubles, Stephanie Strom, The New York Times, April 3, 2001.

 

Reuters, 2/4/99.

 

If Japan spends so much money defending collapsing domestic industries that the central government and large corporations are forced to liquidate international holdings to shore up their balance sheets, the price of U.S. Government Securities could collapse under the pressure of these unrelenting sales. We will at that time , truly have a global catastrophe. However, the American economy has burgeoned substantially and the Treasury is no longer running a deficit, thus, this may longer be the worst thing that could happen.

 

Japan continues to cut back on the massive public works projects, which these companies had become so dependent. That was brought to an abrupt halt when the Japanese Government was strongly advised by International Agencies that spending themselves into the black was the way to go, and once again, public works projects became the order of the day. Whatever theory is right or wrong does not matter, for the way the Japanese grant projects and monitor them only tends to allow political friends to pocket endless amounts of money and does little for the economy itself.

 

The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

" Japan’s economic growth has averaged only a little better than 1.5% in the past decade, with several periods of prolonged contraction." The Wall Street Journal, Japan’s Massive Debt Bomb Ticks Ever Louder, Bill Spindle, December 11, 2000.

 

Ibid.

 

They have continued dropping and are almost non-existent as of 3/30/99.

 

November 17, 1997.

 

In a World Bank Statement on 6/23/98 they stated, "While the bank’s commitment to sound resettlement is evident…problems were found with the appropriateness of the bank’s intervention and with effective follow-through."

 

Prices beyond conceivability were paid for paintings by old masters by the Japanese. Many of these works have found their way back into the market after the Japanese purchases went bankrupt or couldn’t pay for what they had bought to begin with.

 

Japanese Theme Parks Facing Rough Times, Miki Tanikawa, The New York Times, March 2, 2001

 

The Wall Street Journal, Michael Williams, Phred Dvorak and Gregory Zuckerman, S&P Lowers Japan’s Domestic and Foreign Credit Rating, February 23, 2001.

 

Ibid

 

U.S. Taking Lessons From Japan? Economies are often compared, but differences are enormous, Bill Mann, Motley Fool.

 

Ibid

 

Other countries that are using this technique are Turkey, Brazil, Argentina Uruguay and such companies as Fiat SpA, IBM. DaimlerChrysler AG

 

Japanese Economic Woes Benefit Global Investors in Samurai Bonds, Jason Singer, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2001

 

More Sunshine for Japan’s Overworked Students, Howard W. French, The New York Times International, February 25, 2001

 

Government officials in Seoul are due to meet today to discuss their response to the decision, warning that "bilateral relations will suffer great damage" if the book ends up being used in schools." Japan’s history textbook riles South Korea, David Ibison in Tokyo, Financial Times, Wednesday, April 4, 2001.

 

Cartoon of Wartime ‘Comfort Women’ Irks Taiwan, Mark Landler, The New York Times, March 2, 2001.

 

Thirty-five years, when you consider that the original blueprints for the tunnel were produced in 1954.

 

Switzerland is planning a railroad tunnel that will be dug through a mountain pass that will be longer when completed. This tunnel will be much easier to dig because the boring machine can be utilized.

 

"Travel, Newest Joy for Rail Buffs: World’ Deepest Station Never mind that it’s in the middle of nowhere on Japan’s Hokkaido Island. Bill and Bonnie Sexton, Newsday, 3/13/1988.

 

The Seikan Tunnel, Aomori Prefect.

 

Time International, Tim Larimer, " Asia, The Sky is Falling Faculty concrete exposes cracks in Japan’s once-vaunted rail system. 1/24/2000.

 

Ibid.

 

Dow Jones Interactive Publication Library, Henry Baumgartner, Hotfoot for the Iron Horse, 6/1/2000.

 

Ibid.

Features and Economic and Social Effects of The Shinkansen, Hiroshi Okada.

 

 

 

The largest American Suspension Bridge.

Wonders of the World, Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Building Big: Databank.

 

The amount the earth moves.

 

Cosmiverse Reference Library, Richter Scale.

 

Renzo Piano was born in Genoa, Italy in 1937. From 1959 to 1964, he studied at the Milan Politecnico, where he taught until 1968. In 1970, Piano established a partnership with the English architect, Richard Rogers. As most works designed by a member of the "High-Tech" movement, Piano established technology as a starting point for his designs. Fortunately, he balanced his attempts to generate an architectural character based on technological forms with a concern for user comfort and needs. He has been the recipient of numerous architectural awards too numerous to mention.

 

Kinsai International Airport, Superstructures, Discovery Channel.

 

"The Osaka airport terminal by star architect Renzo Piano is going down with the island it is built one, say technicians," Ossian Ward, The Art Newspaper News.

 

Opinion: The Fallacies of Falun Gong, Why is this Chinese movement so popular even as its supporters are persecuted by their government? Don’t expect to find the answer in the philosophies of founder Li Hong-zhi says writer Adeline Yen Mah. Newsweek.

 

Opinion: The Fallacies of Falun Gong, Why is this Chinese movement so popular even as its supporters are persecuted by their government? Don’t expect to find the answer in the philosophies of founder Li Hong-zhi says writer Adeline Yen Mah. Newsweek.

 

Falun Gong founder’s Demands Entail Greater risk and Sacrifice for Loyalists, Ian Johnson, The Wall Street Journal, March 27, 2001.

 

Mike Khaw.

 

Thanks to Ray’s List of Weird and Disgusting Foods.

 

China’s City Slickers Satisfy Taste for Rural Fare, John Krich, The Wall Street Journal, Monday March 12, 2001.

 

China unveils huge welfare plane, BBC News, Sunday March 11, 2001.

 

China After Deng, Deng Xiaoping transformed China into a global economic power. After his death, new leaders vying for control faced an array of problems unleashed by Dent’s reforms, Joseph Fewsmith, The World Books.

 

"In the early seventeenth century, trading companies in England leased lands in what is now the United States. In order to make profits, the companies assisted settlers in developing natural resources." American railroad companies, in need of a large supply of laborers for their transcontinental railroad construction, persuaded many Chinese to emigrate to the United States to work as unskilled laborers." Center for Migration Studies of New York, International Migration Review, spring 1995.

 

"The last few decades have also witnessed extraordinary growth in global industrial and agricultural productivity, with profound social consequences. Among these have been migration and urbanization that in turn have upset traditional household structures and gender roles. The same forces have depleted non-renewable natural resources and produced environmental pollution." Our Global Neighbourhood, the Report of the Commission on Global Governance.

 

Economic

 

As China Trims Health Care, The Rural Poor Suffer, Elisabeth Rosenthal, The New York Times, Wednesday March 14, 2001.

 

Reuters, 2/26/98.

 

February 24, 1998.

 

The only rational reason, if you are Chinese would be the fact that the region has become so sensitive that if the Chinese devalue, everyone else in the region will devalue even further, setting off a terrible downward spiral that can’t be stopped. Sometime they call this deflation, a word almost unspoken since the early 1930s.

 

Corruption Wiped Out 13% to 16% of China’s GDP, Researcher Says, Peter Wonacott, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2001.

 

China Sentences 7 to death in Huge Tax Fraud Probe, Jeremy Page, Reuters, Beijing, March 2, 2001.

 

China and Tibet, Human Rights Developments, Human Rights Watch World Report 2001.

 

10,000 Li=about 5,000km

 

Secrets of the Great Wall, by Vince Rause, Discovery Channel

 

In the arid Gobi Desert, the poor quality of the sandy soil forced Han builders to resort to an ancient and painstaking method of wall construction. First, they laid a bed of red willow reeds and twigs at the bottom of a wooden frame, then they filled the frame with a mixture of water and fine gravel, which was tamped solid. When the mixture had thoroughly dried, the wooden frame was removed, leaving behind a solid slab of tamped earth, strengthened by the willow reeds just as modern concrete is reinforced by steel rods." Ibid.

 

Secrets of the Great Wall, Vince Rause, Discovery Channel.

 

Ibid.

 

China makes Great Wall even greater, Vestiges of earthen wall extend the westernmost end. Science News, MSNBC, February 22, 2001, Associated Press.

 

The Three Gorges Dam and China’s Energy Dilemma, Lawrence R. Sullivan, Journal of International Affairs. 9/22/1999.

 

China is the largest coal producer in the world.

 

The Three Gorges Dam and China’s Energy Dilemma, Lawrence R. Sullivan, Journal of International Affairs. 9/22/1999.

 

Reluctance to relocate is a crime against the state, and legislation hastily passed in 1994 makes "threats to state security" punishable by death. Valley of the Dammed, Elizabeth Gilbert, The Sunday Telegraph London, 9/26/1996.

 

The Washington Post, Steven Mufson, The Yangtze Dream, Feat of Folly? 11/9/97.

 

The Rise of Andean Civilization, The Incas claimed to have invented their civilization from nothing. But archaeologists are finding evidence of rich and varied Andean cultures as early as the time of the great pyramids in Egypt, John Hyslop and David Dreier, The World Book.

 

Ibid

 

History Channel

 

Dateline Machu Picchu, Allan Fotheringham, Maclean’s 01/17/2000.

 

History Channel

 

The Incas called gold "Sweat of the Sun".

 

"Peru has extraordinarily rich mineral resources, including copper, gold, silver, iron ore, phosphates, and manganese. The Amazon basin, the northern desert, and the narrow continental shelf have large petroleum and natural gas deposits. Peru’s exploitable hydroelectric potential is also great" Peruvian Economy, Panorama, Pittsburgh’s International Newspaper, 10/1/1997.

 

Cocaine Trade threatens Peru, experts say, Alistair Scrutton, The Dallas Morning News, 7/15/1996.

 

Racism coming to a head in Peru: Protests, court battles erupting, effort to correct discriminatory practices, Monte Hayes, The Dallas Morning News, Associated Press, 1/17/99.

 

A former professor whose followers worshiped him as a god and called him "Presidente Gonzalo"

 

Superman Meets Shining Path: Story of CIA Success: with Agency Aid, Peru Captured Chief Rebel, Charles Lane, Washington Post, 12/7/00.

 

Peru is no democracy, Peter Hakim, The Christian Science Monitor, 2/24/2000.

 

"Montesinos was well known to the CIA. In the 1970s, as a captain on the staff of Peru’s leftist prime minister, he had been recruited to sell to the Agency military secrets. Found out by his Peruvian bosses, Montesinos was cashiered and jailed. In the 1980s, he resurfaced as a lawyer for drug traffickers and police officials accused of drug-related corruption. In 1990, he attached himself to Fujimori, helping then-presidential candidate fix a tax evasion case. Fujimori installed Montesinos as de facto chief of Peru’s security apparatus." Superman meets shining path: Story of a CIA Success; Charles Lane, The Washington Post, 12/7/2000.

 

International Business: Peru: A Scary New Day In Lima, Jane Holligan in Lima, Business Week 10/02/2000.

 

Desperate Farmers Imperil Peru’s Fight on Coca, Clifford Krauss, The New York Times International, February 23, 2001.

 

"Great Peak

 

In Quechua, the local language, "Machu" means "old" and "Picchu" means "mountain".

 

Later, U.S. Senator.

 

Spain’s king during this period was extremely paranoid and felt that once these notes had been archived, his adventurers would be stuck with their story and it would make it a tad easier to see if anything had disappeared from inventory along the way.

 

Creating a makeshift bar.

 

As Machu Picchu Gets Trashed… A Town Fights To Save Its Heritage, Jane Holligan, Business Week International 11/6/2000.

 

Beer ad shoot wrecks Inca treasure, Jan Mcgirk, Independent, 9/13/2000.

 

Ibid.

 

Peru to limit visitors on overburdened Inca Trail, Carlos A. DeJuana, Reuters, 5/11/2000.

 

Commerce vs. conservation //Cable car plan triggers alarm in Machu Picchu, Sebastian Rotella, Minneapolis Star Tribune, 6/25/2000.

 

Great Soul.

 

India: 50 Years Of Independence, India has made dramatic progress during 50 years of independent rule and democracy – but great problems remain, David Taylor. World Book.

 

Historically due to the fact that land is at such a premium in India, sites are subdivided into much smaller parcels than probably anywhere else in the world, leading to small businesses usually run by sole proprietors.

 

India’s Top Party Chief Resigns After Tape Hints He Took Bribe, Celia W. Dugger, The New York Times International, Wednesday, March 14, 2001

 

The Sting That Has India Writhing: The Great Graft Expose’, Celia W. Dugger, The New York Times International, March 16, 2001.

 

Financial Times, January 21, 1998.

 

Nine Banks.

 

India’s Hot Banks May Be A Good Buy, Analysts Say, Jesse Pesta, The Wall Street Journal, March 21, 2001.

 

The New York Times, Sunday, March 1, 1998.

"India," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2000. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

Fashion sex and security in India, David Gardner, Financial Times, Weekend, March 10th & 11th, 2001.

 

Hi, I’m in Bangalore (But I Dare Not Tell) Mark Landler, The New York Times, March 21, 2001.

 

India learns language of customer service, Call center serving the US promise a huge export business. They also place some unusual demands on their staff, writes Khozem Merchant, Financial Times, Wednesday, April 4, 2001.

 

India City Tense After Quran Burned, The Associated Press, March 22, 2001.

 

Historical Significance of the Taj Mahal, Crown of the Palace.

 

Dr. A. Zahour and Dr. Z Haq 1990.

 

Travel.indiamart.com, Garden of Taj Mahal.

 

A History of Greece, J. B. Bury.

 

He was actually from Scotland.

 

A better expression would be "paid them off."

 

The contract read as follows: "to include more than 150 linear yards of marble friezes, 15 high-relief sculptures, 19 free-standing sculptures and assorted portions of other Greek monuments on the Acropolis…"

 

The theory put forth by the Blair Government seems to be that if they return these works of art, it will only open the floodgates to every other country that was looted during the years of British imperialism.

 

Vietnam: Emerging From a War-Torn Past, Twenty years after the last U.S. troops pulled out of Vietnam in 1973, this poor Southeast Asian nation was trying to awake from a long nightmare of declines, Douglas Pike, The World Book Inc.

 

Eventually he returned and was placed in virtual house arrest.

 

New York Times International, Friday, April 17, 1998.

 

Guilt and Recrimination still shroud America’s perceptions of the only war it ever lost. Paul A. Witteman, Time Weekly Issues, April 30, 1990. Vietnam, 15 Years Later.

 

Vietnam: Emerging From a War-Torn Past, Twenty years after the last U.S. troops pulled out of Vietnam in 1973, this poor Southeast Asian nation was trying to awake from a long nightmare of declines, Douglas Pike, The World Book Inc.

 

Many of these were ex-servicemen revisiting their youth and their battles.

 

Renovation

 

After the United States and Thailand.

 

Vietnam: Emerging From a War-Torn Past, Twenty years after the last U.S. troops pulled out of Vietnam in 1973, this poor Southeast Asian nation was trying to awake from a long nightmare of declines, Douglas Pike, The World Book Inc.

 

Saigon

 

Vietnam: Emerging From a War-Torn Past, Twenty years after the last U.S. troops pulled out of Vietnam in 1973, this poor Southeast Asian nation was trying to awake from a long nightmare of declines, Douglas Pike, The World Book Inc.

 

The New York Times, Access charges are tumbling in Vietnam, where the Internet is seen as a gateway to other business. Matt Richtel, March 5, 2001.

 

"The sources attributed to the proliferation of the pirated software to the lack of action against the illegal trade under a copyright act passed three years ago. Asia Times, 6/11/1997.

 

Wall Street Journal, 4/24/97, Robert S. Greenberger and Craig S. Smith.

 

Neither of these titles is really accurate because, "The original Ho Chi Minh Trail was actually just a series of footpaths used by infiltrators in the 1950s to travel from the North to the South. However, they became overgrown. Then in January of 1959, the Government in North Vietnam decided to re-open the original Trail. They sent word to the South and found an old man who presumably knew the old trails. They walked the entire way from South Vietnam to North Vietnam, cutting and marking a path which they originally named the "Old Man’s Trail." The Ho Chi Minh Trail, by Sarah S.

 

The Tunnels of Cuchi, Tom Mangold, John Penycate, Berkley Books, New York 1986.

 

Ibid.

 

Ibid.

 

Ibid.

 

The latest scientific estimates of the number of people at work on the pyramids at any given time varies between 20,000 and 40,000 people, hardly the magnitude that we seemed to be looking at when we watched all of those bible movies.

 

That prisoners would be well treated.

 

Cincinattus, Self Destruction.

 

They were called Group 559 because they were organized during May of 1959.

 

Vietnam reshapes deadly trial, 8/18/2000, Los Angeles Times.

 

The United States and the United Nations have estimated that 3.5 million mines lie buried in battlefields across Vietnam, and explosions kill dozens of people every year, including children.

 

In November 1993, Ukraine became the last of the former Soviet republics to ratify the START-1 nuclear-arms reduction treaty. This followed the signing of an agreement with the U.S.A. under which Ukraine would dismantle the majority of its nuclear weapons in return for $330 million aid . A year later, it ratified the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In June 1995, Ukraine returned the remainder of its warheads to Russia for destruction, thus relinquishing its nuclear status.

 

Richard C. Paddock, Ukraine’s Abyss of Despair, Los Angeles Times, 4/9/1999.

 

Embarrassment loom for Ukraine, Geoffrey York, The Globe and Mail, 12/10/97.

 

Ibid.

 

From Under a Couch, an Effort to Stop Corruption in Ukraine, Patrick E. Tyler, The New York Times, February 26, 2001.

 

Anti-Kuchma protesters clash with police in Kiev, Tom Warner, Financial Times, March 10 & 11, 2001.

 

Fortune Asia, Mankiw, N. Gregory, June 12, 2000, Ukraine: How Not to run and Economy.

 

CNN – Ukraine trial begins for accused baby smugglers – Dec 24, 1996.

 

Ukraine wins eight-year delay on gas debt, Reuters, 11/17/2000.

 

James Rupert, The Washington Post, Nuclear Blight Invades Minds as Well Ass Bodies. 4/18/96

 

Sergei Shargorodsky, Chernobyl’s Legacy Messy As Ever, Associated Press, 4/25/99

 

Sergei Shargorodsky, Chernobyl’s Legacy Messy As Ever, AP Online, 4/25/99.

 

In its 1989 report, the International Atomic Energy Agency claimed that the explosion discharged 50 million curies of radioactive debris, plus another 50 million curies of radioactive gases. Using this figure, geneticist Valery N. Soyfer, founder of the former Soviet Union’s first molecular biology laboratory, concluded that if 100 million curries were vented, then world "background radiation doubled at once."

 

Ray’s List of Weird and Disgusting Foods, with assistance from Dick Francis and Elizabeth Allyn Ramirez.

 

Japan Economic Institute Report, October 8, 1993, Arthur J. Alexander.

 

Japan Economic Institute Report, October 8, 1993, Arthur J. Alexander.

 

Reuters, 12/22/97.

 

Reuters, 2/18/97.

 

Which had violently opposed his election

 

Reuters, 6/3/98

 

His nickname, which means pal in Philippine. Actually it is somewhat more complex, you must spell Erap backward to get the true interpretation.

 

He had approximately 10.6 million votes, as opposed to his nearest competitor with 4.3 million.

 

Marcos did better, but that was under marshal law.

 

In New Subic Bay Filipinos See The Bad Old Days, Robert Frank, The Asian Wall Street Journal, 9/21/2000

 

In New Subic Bay Filipinos, See The Bad Old Days, Robert Frank, The Asian Wall Street Journal, 9/21/2000.

 

Philippine Daily Inquirer, Poor to Erap: Where’s the land? Ma. Ceres P. Doyo. 11/23/2000

 

Philippines’ Estrada Claims He Won’t Get Fair Trial; - Financial Times, Dow Jones Newswires, March 20, 2001.

 

"Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, his successor, has alleged that Mr. Estrada, a former film star, had used his 30-month stay in office to amass about $400 million in assets by allegedly taking bribes from illegal gambling bosses, embezzling government money and pushing state-run pension funds into speculative stock investment for kickbacks." Ibid

 

Estrada faces arrest after court ruling, Cecilla Quiambao, Financial Times, Wednesday April 4, 2001.

 

Robert Young Pelton, The World’s Most Dangerous Places, 4th Edition, Harper Resource, 2000.

 

Ibid

 

Feer: Hard Times At Philippines’ Clark, Subic, Jonathan Napack in the Far Eastern Economic Review, 10/11/2000

 

Americans Bid Farewell to Last Philippine Base, Bob Drogin, Los Angeles Times 11/25/1992

 

In New Subic Bay, Filipinos See The Bad Old Days, Robert Frank, The Asian Wall Street Journal, 9/21/2000

 

In New Subic Bay Filipinos See The Bad Old Days, Robert Frank, The Asian Wall Street Journal, 9/21/2000.

 

US Philippines Named in $103 Billion Hazardous Waste Lawsuit, Dow Jones Newswires, 8/18/2000

 

Adolph Hitler, 1945

"Russia," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2000. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

"Poof Go the Profits", Times Domestic 8/8/94 volume 144, No. 6 Barbara Rudolph, Reported by Sally B. Donnelly/Moscow.

 

America Online Cuts Service to Russia Because of Fraud by Elizabeth Weise, 1/9/97, The Associated Press.

 

Australian, 6 August 1995

 

Russian Organized Crime Tightens Grip, Imperils Reforms, By Gareth Jones, Reuters.

 

The Washington Times, Ignoring Russia’s crisis of crime, Friday, July 25, 1997 by: Arnaud de Borchgrave

 

Reuters, 1997

 

"The Criminal Time Bomb: An Examination of the Effect of the Russian Mafia on the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union" by Peter Daniel DiPaola.

 

Ignoring Russia’s crisis of crime, Washington Times – Friday, July 25, 1997, by Arnaud de Borchgrave, The Washington Times Edition Final Section: Commentary Page: A 19

 

Don’t Get Caught in a Contract Dispute in Russia by Paul Tatum, President and CEO, Americom Business Centers, Moscow, Russia, As Published in the Wall Street Journal, European Edition, September 26, 1996 – 38 days before Paul Tatum’s murder.

 

Economist, July 12, 1997

 

June 13, 1997 Reuters

 

With a lot of help from USA Today, John Omicinski, Modern Times, Putin’s Russia is its own worst enemy., June 1, 2000.

 

The Trans-Siberian Railway, Igor Slepnev, 11/96.

 

Ibid.

 

Trans-Siberian Railroad, Historical Review, Sergey Stgachyov, 1/31/99

 

Ibid

 

An American railroad man east of the Urals, 1918-1922, Frederick C. Giffin, The Historian 6/22/98

 

Baikal-Amur Mainline

 

Person condemned to the Gulag Archipelago

 

Granite mountains rising to 8,000 feet high surrounding a slave labor camp where temperatures drop to 69 degrees below zero.

 

A reporter for Komsomolskaya Pravda who came across the camp by accident and which was unknown to outsiders in the late 1970s.

 

Perestroika Opens a Window On Stalin’s Marble Gulag, Michael Dobbs, The San Francisco Chronicle 12/17/1989

 

Mikhail G. Delyagin, Russian Economic Advisor

 

Russia’s Rails on New Track, The huge, dysfunctional train system poses daunting challenges for economic reformers. The Los Angeles Times, Home Edition, Carol J. Williams, 6/10/98

 

There are literally three trunks of the Trans Siberian Railroad, The first is from Moscow to Vladivostok and it is that route that is almost 5900 miles. Then there is the route from Moscow through Manchuria and on to Beijing. This route is 5626 in length and is 5626 miles long. The last spur in this monumental railroad is the route from Beijing through the Great Wall, through the Gobi Desert, into Manchuria and then to Moscow. Because this spur of the Trans Siberian Railroad is the most direct, it is the shortest going only 4916 miles.

 

The World’s Most Dangerous Places, Robert Young Pelton, HarperColllins Publishers.

 

Inside world’s most bizarre prison: freedom for thousands of hostages seized by inmates at jail where you can ‘marry’ a transvestite cellmate, appear on TV or make a record. Alex Bellos, The Guardian, United Kingdom, February 20, 2001.

 

Beware: there are sharks in the jungle: Brazil says conservationists duped into buying swaths of rainforest that did not belong to the seller, Alex Bellos, The Guardian, United Kingdom, January 10, 2001.

Proposed Law Attacks Copyright Minefield, Mike Mills, Washington Post, 5/15/96.

"The IMF and the World Bank share a weakness in creating macroeconomic strategy plans/programs in concert with national governments and identified beneficiaries. The World Bank notes that the commitment of borrowers to funded operations has received little attention in the past, but also acknowledges that host-country participation and commitment of operations are essential to success." Perspectives on the Role of Science and Technology in Sustainable Development, Congress of the United States.

 

$9 billion in sales worldwide and $20 in sales from each and every man, woman and child in the United States.

 

One of the players, Ronaldo, was voted world soccer player of the year at age 20.

 

Nike’s success has been so overwhelming that other advertising programs are analyzed in relation to the athletic shoe manufacturer. In this regard, countries are attempting to tidy up a rather tarnished image. "According to market research, many people associate Britain with poor labor relations, low-quality products and late deliveries. That just won’t do if Britain wants to market itself as a modern, high-tech country. ‘We have to do for Britain what Nike did for athletic shoes,’.

 

BBC News Online, World: Americas, Friday, 24 November 2000, Footballers quizzed in Brazil Fraud probe.

 

The Brazilian Currency

 

The Invisible Billionaire: Daniel Ludwig" Jerry Shields.

 

Obituaries, Daniel K. Ludwig, 95 Dies, Reclusive Shipping Magnate, 8/29/92, The Washington Post

 

Rise and Fall of Ludwig’s S&L empire, Walt Nett, The Arizona Daily Star, 6/5/94.

 

At Jari’s height under Ludwig’s leadership, 10,000 people worked the property every day.

 

Delusion of Economic Grandeur Deep in Brazil’s Interior, Larry Rohter, The New York Times 11/9/1999

 

The Invisible Billionaire, Daniel Ludwig by Jerry Shields, Houghton Mifflin Co.

 

Encyclopedia Britannica

 

Brazilians Now Operate Paper and Rice Empire Ludwig’s Amazon Project Thriving, Juan de Onis, Los Angeles Times, 1/1/1985

 

Delusion of Economic Grandeur Deep in Brazil’s Interior, Larry Rohter, The New York Times 11/9/1999

 

Robert Young Pelton, The World’s Most Dangerous Places, 4th Edition, Harper Resource, 2000.

 

Once told to get lost, and concerned about losing such a strong NATO Ally, The NATO people talked to the Greeks about toning down the rhetoric against Turkey, and both sides -- although not bosom buddies-- are at least talking.

 

Robert Young Pelton, The World’s Most Dangerous Places, 4th Edition, Harper Resource, 2000.

 

In effect, it was floated but collapsed.

 

Turkey’s Currency Plummets in Value After Government Abandons Reforms, Hugh Pope, The Wall Street journal, 2/23/2001

 

Turkey’s Deepening financial Crisis Could Delay Entrance Into the EU, Hugh Pope, The Wall Street Journal, 2/22/2001

 

Although the fire was what polished off the structure, in reality, it was "destroyed by mobs that had become annoyed when Emperor Arcadius sent Archbishop John Chrysostom into exile for his criticism of the Empress." Hagia Sophia Byzanines.net

 

Once again, a rampaging mob attacked it at the time of the Monophysite Heretics in 532 A.D. They finished the structure off by setting it on fire.

 

Early in the 6th Century, tensions rose between two groups of sports fans known as Blues and Greens, who frequented the Hippodrome adjacent to the cathedral. Along with competing sports allegiances, these groups took on religio-political identities, the Greens representing tradesmen and artisans who believed Christ had one nature, the Blues representing aristocrats and the Orthodox Church belief in Christ’s two natures. In 532, the Blues and Greens began to fight, first against one another, then together against Emperor Justinian. Justinian ordered a bloody crackdown, but not before Megalo Ecclesia was burned to the ground. Turkey’s majestic survivor for 1500 years, Hagia Sophia, Steve Kloehn, Chicago Tribune, 8/29/1999.

 

The Byzantine Monuments, Hagia Sophia, Little Chronicle of the Great Church, Patriarchate of Constantinople.

 

Turkey’s Majestic Survivor For 1500 Years, Hagia Sophia Has Been Jolted, Burned and Battered -- But Always Restored, A Wonder of Architecture and Human Resilience, Steve Kloehm, Chicago Tribune 8/29/1999.

 

Hagia Sophia, An Architectural Masterpiece, Copyright@ 1998 Turizm.net.

 

Hagia Sophia, Byzantines.net. Others say that there were also 40 deaconesses on the job. This must be male chauvinism at work.

 

In reality, Isidorus’s nephew volunteered to help in the restoration, and was highly utilized. He was called Isidorus the Younger and he built the dome steeper and of lighter materials and the supporting abase was reinforced. The church was rededicated on December 23, 563.

 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, World Monuments Watch

 

Pad Gajajiva, Ray’s List of Weird and disgusting Foods.

 

However, Bangkok has recently become overcrowded and many multinationals have moved out of the city and are now ensconced in more spacious factories in the surrounding regions.

 

http://www.bdfm.com.za/cgi-bin/pp-print.pl

 

Overview, Hill & Associates in Thailand

 

Financial Service Liberalization in the WTO: Case Studies, Thailand, Institute for International Economics

 

Ibid

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